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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 148-155

Paediatric airway: Challenges for the anaesthesiologist


1 Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, KS Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore Nitte University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, London Health Sciences Centre and Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Niveditha Karuppiah
Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, London Health Sciences Centre and Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario
Canada
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/arwy.arwy_6_21

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The paediatric airway has always been a challenge to both the novice and the experienced airway manager. In this review, we have addressed the challenges of a paediatric airway, especially for the occasional paediatric anaesthesiologist. Children are not small adults and present unique anatomical, physiological and emotional challenges. It is imperative to be aware of these differences and adequately prepare to manage the normal or difficult airway appropriately. In this review, we have analysed recent publications in indexed journals detailing airway challenges in paediatrics and their management. Recent advances and recommendations include the usage of microcuffed tubes, various sizes of supraglottic airways and multiple paediatric-airway friendly videoscopes. Awareness of the differences and how to manage them efficiently is the key to delivery of a safe anaesthetic in small children.


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